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Welcome to Speech!
What Are Speech Disorders?
Speech disorders include:
- Articulation disorders: These are problems with making sounds in syllables, or saying words incorrectly to the point that listeners can't understand what's being said.
- Fluency disorders: These include problems in which the flow of speech is interrupted by unusual stops, partial-word repetitions ("b-b-boy"), or prolonging sounds and syllables (sssssnake).
- Resonance or voice disorders: These are problems with the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice that distract listeners from what is being said. These types of disorders may also cause pain or discomfort for a child when speaking.
What Are Language Disorders?
A language disorder refers to a problem understanding or putting words together to communicate ideas. Language disorders can be either receptive or expressive:
- Receptive disorders are problems with understanding or processing language.
- Expressive disorders are problems with putting words together, limited vocabulary or being unable to use language in a socially appropriate way.
- Cognitive-communication disorders are problems with communication skills that involve memory, attention, perception, organization, regulation, and problem solving.